Choices in the hydrogen car market
What Are Hydrogen Fueled Cars
A Hydrogen powered vehicle uses hydrogen fuel cells to drive an electric motor. The reaction between hydrogen and oxygen is used to produce electricity which charges the battery. The emission in such vehicles is air and water vapor. This system is not very popular because of the lack of refueling stations and expensive hydrogen production costs.
The First Of Its Class
The Santa Fe was the first hydrogen fuel cell car from Hyundai launched in 2001. It had a 75kw motor with 10kw battery storage and comes with a 5000 psi hydrogen tank with a 100 miles range per tank.
The Hyundai Tucson FCEV was first introduced in 2005. The fourth-generation Tucson FCEV was produced from 2013 and was priced at $77k. It has a 100kw motor which makes 300Nm torque. It had a 5.4kg capacity hydrogen tank that will last for 372 miles.
Honda FCX Clarity
The Honda FCX clarity is the commercial version of the 2006 FCX concept. It started production in 2008, under the hood it had a 100kw motor with 256 Nm torque. It had a range of 240 miles for a full tank of 4.1kg of hydrogen. The vehicle was launched in the US with a leasing model at $600 per month.
The Toyota Mirai is powered by a 113kw electric motor that offered a torque of 335 N-m. It has a hydrogen tank of 4kg that gives it a range of 311 miles. The first generation of Mirai was launched in the year 2014 at $57k in Japan. Now the second generation Mirai is all set to launch this year.
Rasa is a two-seater hydrogen fuel cell vehicle from the company Riversimple. Rasa has a range of 300 miles on just 1.5kg of hydrogen. It is powered by two 16kw electric motors on each wheel. The Rasa was not sold but instead, it was given on a monthly fee basis.
The Hyundai Nexo is a Hydrogen-powered crossover SUV that was launched in 2018. The SUV gets a 120kw electric motor with a torque output of 400 N-m. It has a 6.3 kg capacity hydrogen tank that gives a total range of 380 miles per tank. The vehicle is equipped with assistance systems such as blind-spot view monitoring, lane following and highway drive assistance. Nexo is currently priced at $58k.
Considering the efficiency of the Toyota Mirai and a petrol sedan with 35mpg. The above chart shows the usage cost in different countries. We can see that due to the higher fuel production cost hydrogen is still expensive in some countries. But some countries like South Korea with an established hydrogen fuel station has a lesser cost.
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Arpingstone / Public domain
Spielvogel / CC BY-SA
Alexander Migl / CC BY-SA
Mariordo (Mario Roberto Durán Ortiz) / CC BY-SA
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Alexander Migl / CC BY-SA